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by Duane Cartujano

Non-believers of Christ as God and the Trinity often use the verses, John 13:16 and 1 Corinthians 15:28.

“Very truly, I tell you, servants are not greater than their master, nor are messengers greater than the one who sent them.”
(John 13:16)

Those against the Trinity cannot understand this verse.

Read verse 15 to understand the message of Jesus in John 13:16.

“For I have set you an example that you also should do as I have done to you.”

Jesus asked his disciples to follow Him. They must follow His example of humility. He can become a servant even if he was the master. The master can become a messenger. That is the message. This verse does not ridicule the nature of Jesus. However, anti-Trinitarians insist Jesus is inferior to the Father in terms of nature since He is the messenger sent by the Father.

There was a problem in this logic. This is written in Luke 24:49, “And now I will send the Holy Spirit, just as my Father promised. But stay here in the city until the Holy Spirit comes and fills you with power from heaven.”

Does it mean Jesus is higher than the Holy Spirit just because he sent the Holy Spirit? Is the nature of the Holy Spirit lower than Jesus? Whose Spirit is this? To my knowledge, the anti-Trinitarians believe the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of God the Father. If I understand right, it means Jesus is higher than the FATHER since Jesus sent his spirit?

In 1 Corinthians 15:28, the phrase, “the Son himself will also be subjected to the one who put all things in subjection under him,” is often used to prove the FATHER and SON are not equal.

In short, this verse proves the Son is lower than his Father.

“When all things are subjected to him, then the Son himself will also be subjected to the one who put all things in subjection under him, so that God may be all in all.”(1 Corinthians 15:28)

In Greek we can read the word, “Hupotageisetai” meaning “will be put in subjection”.

The root of the Greek word, “Hupotageisetai” is “hupotasso”.

The root word “hupotasso” has several meanings:

1. to arrange under, to subordinate
2. to subject, put in subjection
3. to subject one’s self, obey
4. to submit to one’s control
5. to yield to one’s admonition or advice
6. to obey, be subject

We can reflect on the meanings and see the nature of Jesus as obedient.

We can read this in Luke 2:51:

“And He went down with them and came to Nazareth, and He continued in subjection to them; and His mother treasured all these things in her heart. “(Luke 2:51)

In Greek, we can read the phrase, “ein hupotassomenos autois” or “he was subject to them.”

The root of the Greek word, “Hupotassomenosi” is also “Hupotasso”.

If we follow the reasoning of anti-Trinitarians, it appears that Mother Mary and St. Joseph are higher than Jesus since it is clear in the verse that, “He continued in subjection to them” or “He was subject to them.”

Bro. Duane Caturjano
"Pure and undefiled religion in the sight of our God and Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their distress, and to keep oneself unstained by the world."(James 1:27)

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